Qur’anic Botanic Garden: Ripe Dates

4804947084_38bf70dd19_z-web.jpgPlant’s name
Scientific: Phoenix Dactylifera
Arabic: Rotab
English: Ripe Dates

About the plant

Dates are a staple fruit of the Middle East, having been in cultivation for thousands of years. Traditionally, dates are known as the food Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) ate when he broke from his fast. Ripe dates are an excellent source of fiber, sugar, magnesium, potassium, and have carbohydrates which will aid the body in maintaining health. The carbohydrates also make the fruit a slower digesting food, much better than fried foods which digest fast and leave one hungry for more.


Plant in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith
Rotab are mentioned in the Holy Qu’ran in Surah Maryam: “And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. Eat and drink and delight your eyes…”
(Qur’an, 19:23-26)

Did you know?
They are believed to have originated around the Persian Gulf, and have been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt.

Ahmed E El Gharib
Assistant Researcher


To find out more about the Qur’anic Botanic Garden,
email: qg@qf.org.qa