Qur’anic Botanic Garden: Spiny fodder/Euphorbia

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Plant’s names
Latin name: Zilla spinosa or Euphorbia sp
Arabic name: Shubrum
English name: Spiny fodder/Euphorbia

About the plant
There are two different plant species that have been named after Shubrum in the plants’ lexicons and references. The first species belongs to Zilla spinosa, which is a spiny desert shrub with densely branched spine-tipped branches and with small leaflets. The second is Euphorbia sp, which is an annual to perennial herb. This species is related to Shubrum, used as a laxative and mentioned in the Hadith.

The plant in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith
Shubrum is mentioned in the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the fields related to medicine. At-Tabarani narrated that the Messenger of Allah asked Umm Salamah: “Why do you look weak?” She said: “I took a medicine for constipation.” He said: “What is this? She said: “It is a Shubrum.” The Prophet said: “Hot and too strong a laxative, use Sanna and Sanout, they are for all diseases except death.”

Did you know?
The leaves, roots, and latex of Shubrum are used for removing thorns from skin.